Citation: Graph States and Entanglement (2006, October 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-10-graph-states-entanglement.html “Here we want to find something to improve the scaling,” he tells PhysOrg.com. “If we start with realistic optical elements, one can realize a many-body state called a graph state.” It is this preparation of a graph state that Duan and Bodiya address in their Letter, titled “Scalable Generation of Graph-State Entanglement Through Realistic Linear Optics,” published October 3.Graph states make up an important class of entangled states in physics. They are described in terms of a variety of graph structures that grow with system size. “For graph states that look like a tree,” explains Duan, “we can generate them efficiently with realistic linear optics. We have a method that can help find efficient scaling with these states.” There are several applications for graph states. Indeed, entangled states are the basis of the current push toward realizing quantum information processing. “Quantum computation or other information protocols,” says Duan, are among the most popular applications for graph states. Other applications using graph states include quantum error correction, quantum entanglement, and multi-partite quantum communication. Graph states can also aid in the study of issues of a more foundational nature in quantum mechanics — issues such as decoherence and quantum non-locality.Because photons are a precious resource in current experimental study, it can be inefficient to waste them. Duan and Bodiya suggest a way to use a polarization beam splitter in order to create a gate for generating graph states. In this model, photons are not wasted in gate operation, and so the model is more efficient. Further efficiency is achieved by the fact that Duan and Bodiya propose a method for scalable generation of many-qubit entanglement. Their theory posits that the overall scaling is efficient, even when photon source and detectors have moderate efficiencies as in current experiments. This is a departure from other known theories, in which to have an overall efficient scaling, photon sources and detectors must have very high efficiencies, presenting difficulties for experiments. And, the larger the system is, the greater effect for this improvement in scaling. “This overcomes the problems with getting more and more photons entangled,” claims Duan.Another benefit of the system proposed by Duan and Bodiya is the fact that it makes use of linear optical technologies that are realistic. “This is based on the current technology,” says Duan. “Some things might be needed to put the technology together in a couple of years, but it is something that is realistic.” Duan admits that this idea is theoretical at this stage. But he insists that working on getting his and Bodiya’s version of scalable graph state generation would overcome problems. “This is a new idea, and hopefully some experimentalists will go in this direction. Many groups want to see more photons entangled, and this is a way to that goal.”Citation: Scalable Generation of Graph-State Entanglement Through Realistic Linear Optics, T. P. Bodiya and L.-M. Duan, Physical Review Letters 97, 143601 (2006)By Miranda Marquit, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. One of the bigger problems with current experiments on linear optics quantum information is that as the system is scaled up, it leads to inefficient scaling, and this in turn limits implementation to small systems. Luming Duan, a professor at the University of Michigan, and his undergraduate student Tim Bodiya, might have found a way to solve this problem.
Retrieved image in the optical holography method, reconstructed from interferograms with the exact phase keys. Credit: Xiaogang Wang, et al. Phase-change materials from smartphones may lead to higher data storage, energy efficiency The methods behind various encryption techniques have roots in the manipulations of basic components of science. For digital holography, for example, the focus is light, and how scientists can slightly shift the phases of light waves in order to make information disappear completely—and then bring the data back by knowing the correct “keys,” the phase codes and phase masks.Scientists Xiaogang Wang, a physicist from Zhejiang Forestry University, and Yixiang Chen, an electrical engineer from the Zhejiang University of Media and Communications, have recently designed a new type of digital holography for information security that both simplifies the security process and increases the data transmission efficiency. “We obtain two interferograms by using two-step phase shifting digital holography, and then encrypt them into phase codes in fractional Fourier domain which can be transmitted in the conventional communication channel,” the scientists report in their paper in Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics.While many ideas for securing information become difficult to implement in the real world, Wang and Chen designed their method to overcome many of the practical challenges faced by encryption techniques in general. Building on a method using phase-shifting interferometry, which measures the deviations of optical surfaces (Kim, 2004), Wang and Chen’s method is based on a two-step process that doesn’t require expensive optical hardware. “Actually, it is very difficult for most [encryption methods] to be applied in the real world because of the complexity and location precision of their optical hardware, the lack of compact and low-cost optoelectronics devices and the difficulty in optical alignment,” the scientists explain. “Digital optics techniques are reasonable solutions to those problems with the rapid development of computer and internet techniques.”To encrypt an image, the scientists first made 3D holograms of an object, which is done by shining a light beam on the object and comparing the returned light with a reference light beam. This form of information, called an “interferogram,” then gets digitally encrypted into a phase code based on the frequencies of different wave phases (the fractional Fourier domain), which is done by a computer-generated random phase mask. The mask divides a single incoming beam into two beams, creating an interference pattern where the beams overlap. In Wang and Chen’s method, two interferograms are digitally encrypted as two phase masks, which can transmit data but require the correct keys for decryption.A receiver can digitally decrypt the data using two retrieval keys: the phase codes (containing information on wave frequency) and phase masks. Along with these, the scientists also used phase shifts as an additional retrieval key, although this key was less sensitive to accuracy. After performing calculations with these keys, a receiver can reconstruct the data. Without the exact keys, however, attempts at reconstruction result in white noise. “With this technique, the efficiency of data transmission is considerably raised because there is no need for complex and expensive optical hardware and no difficulty in optical alignment in the encryption and decryption processes,” the scientists explain. Citation: Wang, Xiaogang, and Chen, Yixiang. “Securing information using digital optics.” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9 (2007) 152-155.By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. As business done over the Internet is becoming almost conventional these days—more banks becoming virtual, more companies going global—information security is something most people take for granted on a daily basis. However, with computer crime at an all-time high in the past few months, scientists working on the latest security technologies have a job where many consumers’ trust is at stake. Citation: Optical holography makes information simpler to secure, more difficult to decrypt (2007, February 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-02-optical-holography-simpler-difficult-decrypt.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — New research has compared the performance of the heels of modern-day distance runners to the heels of Neandertals and ancient Homo sapiens. The results show the Neandertals’ heels were taller than those of modern humans and Homo sapiens, and more adapted to walking than running over long distances, while those of Homo sapiens were more adapted to endurance running. Citation: Early humans won at running; Neandertals won at walking (2011, February 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-02-early-humans-won-neandertals.html More information: Calcaneus length determines running economy: Implications for endurance running performance in modern humans and Neandertals, by David A. Raichlen et al., Journal of Human Evolution, Article in Press, doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.11.002 Study finds barefoot runners have less foot stress than shod ones (w/ Video) Calcaneus (heel bone) fracture X-ray. Image: Wikipedia. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Dr David Raichlen of the University of Arizona in Tucson, and colleagues, found that unlike modern humans, the Neandertal heel was taller would have provided less spring during running, and speculated that the heel probably stabilized the ankle and helped in jumping and walking uphill. In modern humans the heel is lower and stretches the Achilles tendon and increases its ability to act like a spring and reduce the consumption of energy.Dr Raichlen and colleagues had eight distance runners run on a treadmill at 10 mph (16 km/h) for periods of 10 minutes and calculated their rates of oxygen consumption. In different running periods, they also took magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of their heels and Achilles tendons.The results showed the heel bones were shorter and lower in the runners whose oxygen consumption while running was most efficient. The heel measurements were compared with those of 13 fossil Homo sapiens dated from 30-100,000 years ago and with six Neandertals from around the same period. The researchers’ calculations suggest that during running the Homo sapiens would have expended 6.9% more energy than modern distance runners, but Neandertals would have needed an average of about 11.4% more energy.The results suggest that while Neandertals may not have fared well in long-distance marathons, their bone structures would have given them an advantage in walking and in activities requiring great strength.The results of the research support earlier findings that long-distance running in Homo sapiens evolved over two million years ago and probably helped early humans in hunting before spears began to be widely used about 400,000 years ago. The ability to run long distances in hot environments is thought to help in running prey to exhaustion. Neandertals lived in colder climates and probably needed different skills in hunting.The paper was published in the Journal of Human Evolution. © 2010 PhysOrg.com
General Motors researchers are developing a promising driver assistance feature potentially capable of detecting pedestrians and bicyclists on congested streets or in poor visibility conditions before the driver notices them. New Wi-Fi technology to let gadgets talk directly Explore further The big advantage of Wi-Fi Direct is the time it takes for two devices to connect; just one second. Conventional systems take seven or eight. Since the technology works for up to 600 feet, drivers would get ample warning of the presence of a pedestrian, allowing for evasive action.GM is clearly betting that Wi-Fi Direct will become mainstream over the next few years and wants to take advantage of the facilities it offers. They envision creating specific apps for those most at risk of being run over while going about their jobs, such as bike messengers or construction workers, but also want to take advantage of the signals that are emitted from cell phones regardless of whether its owner is running any specific app. In this scenario, technology in the car would simply recognize that a cell phone was operating in the nearby vicinity. A major hurdle for the company will be recognizing the difference between cell phones being carried by pedestrians versus those that are inside of other vehicles.GM also says it is looking to integrate the new technology with others such as those that rely on radar or infrared vision sensors to create cars of the future that are as safe as humans are able to make them.With the announcement, GM is offering a peek into the future; one where Wi-Fi Direct becomes omnipresent. Where cars, people, buildings, bicycles and all manner of devices constantly emit signals to the world at large, advertising their presence, or more intelligently, what they have to offer. In such a world, everyone would be kept apprised of the existence of everyone and everything else around them, with personalized filters, of course and everyone would hopefully, be the better for it. Citation: GM working on Wi-Fi Direct application to prevent vehicle/pedestrian accidents (2012, July 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-gm-wi-fi-application-vehiclepedestrian-accidents.html (Phys.org) — General Motors has announced that it is working on a way to use Wi-Fi Direct to alert drivers to the presence of pedestrians so as to avoid running over them. Wi-Fi Direct is a new technology that is beginning to be implemented into many new smart phones that allows the phones to communicate with one another directly, i.e. without the need for a hot spot, cell tower etc. GM had previously announced it was looking into using the technology to allow cars to communicate with one another so that the system could alert driver’s to slow-downs, accidents or road hazards. © 2012 Phys.org More information: Press release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Physicists extend quantum machine learning to infinite dimensions Citation: Physicists uncover similarities between classical and quantum machine learning (2017, May 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-physicists-uncover-similarities-classical-quantum.html Explore further (Phys.org)—Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. Classical machine learning algorithms are currently used for performing complex computational tasks, such as pattern recognition or classification in large amounts of data, and constitute a crucial part of many modern technologies. The aim of quantum learning algorithms is to bring these features into scenarios where information is in a fully quantum form. Diagram representing a generic quantum learning protocol. Credit: Monràs et al. ©2017 American Physical Society The scientists, Alex Monràs at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain; Gael Sentís at the University of the Basque Country, Spain, and the University of Siegen, Germany; and Peter Wittek at ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Science, Spain, and the University of Borås, Sweden, have published a paper on their results in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.”Our work unveils the structure of a general class of quantum learning algorithms at a very fundamental level,” Sentís told Phys.org. “It shows that the potentially very complex operations involved in an optimal quantum setup can be dropped in favor of a much simpler operational scheme, which is analogous to the one used in classical algorithms, and no performance is lost in the process. This finding helps in establishing the ultimate capabilities of quantum learning algorithms, and opens the door to applying key results in statistical learning to quantum scenarios.”In their study, the physicists focused on a specific type of machine learning called inductive supervised learning. Here, the algorithm is given training instances from which it extracts general rules, and then applies these rules to a variety of test (or problem) instances, which are the actual problems that the algorithm is trained for. The scientists showed that both classical and quantum inductive supervised learning algorithms must have these two phases (a training phase and a test phase) that are completely distinct and independent. While in the classical setup this result follows trivially from the nature of classical information, the physicists showed that in the quantum case it is a consequence of the quantum no-cloning theorem—a theorem that prohibits making a perfect copy of a quantum state.By revealing this similarity, the new results generalize some key ideas in classical statistical learning theory to quantum scenarios. Essentially, this generalization reduces complex protocols to simpler ones without losing performance, making it easier to develop and implement them. For instance, one potential benefit is the ability to access the state of the learning algorithm in between the training and test phases. Building on these results, the researchers expect that future work could lead to a fully quantum theory of risk bounds in quantum statistical learning.”Inductive supervised quantum learning algorithms will be used to classify information stored in quantum systems in an automated and adaptable way, once trained with sample systems,” Sentís said. “They will be potentially useful in all sorts of situations where information is naturally found in a quantum form, and will likely be a part of future quantum information processing protocols. Our results will help in designing and benchmarking these algorithms against the best achievable performance allowed by quantum mechanics.” Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: Alex Monràs et al. “Inductive Supervised Quantum Learning.” Physical Review Letters 118, 190503. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.190503 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2017 Phys.org
Explore further Millisecond pulsars are neutron stars that rotate hundreds of times per second. They play an important role in understanding the evolution of neutron stars and the equation of states of condensed matter, and can also be used to detect low-frequency gravitational waves. Accreting millisecond X-ray pulsars (AMXP) are a peculiar type of X-ray pulsars in which short spin periods are caused by long-lasting mass transfer from a low-mass companion star through an accretion disc onto a slow-rotating neutron star. They are perceived by the scientific community as astrophysical laboratories that could be essential to our understanding of thermonuclear burst processes. To date, only 21 AMXPs have been detected. One of them is SAX J1748.9-2021 located in the globular cluster NGC 6440, some 28,000 light years away from the Earth. It was discovered in 1998 by the BeppoSAX X-ray astronomy satellite, during its first recorded outburst. Subsequent outbursts occurred in 2001, 2005, 2010 and 2015.Now, a team of astronomers led by Fabio Pintore of the Institute of Space Astrophysics and Cosmic Physics in Milan, Italy, has detected the sixth outburst of this pulsar. The detection was made using the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) onboard the International Space Station. Follow-up observations of this event were conducted with NASA’s Swift and NuSTAR spacecraft, together with ESA’s INTEGRAL and XMM-Newton space telescopes.”In 2017, SAX J1748.9-2021 underwent its sixth outburst. The event was firstly detected by MAXI/GSC on September 29 and then observed by Swift/XRT, INTEGRAL, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR,” the researchers wrote in the paper.Observations carried out by Pintore’s team show that the newly observed outburst lasted about 13 days and showcased an exponential decay with e-folding decay time of approximately four days. Lightcurve obtained by MAXI indicates that the pulsar reached the peak of the outburst between October 4 and 5.According to the study, the 2017 outburst reached a 0.3–70 keV unabsorbed peak luminosity of around 3.0 undecillion erg/s. This is the weakest outburst out of all such events recorded so far. Moreover, it is also the shortest outburst to date as previous explosions lasted usually about 30 days.Furthermore, the researchers found that spectral properties of SAX J1748.9-2021 determined by recent observations, including an electron temperature of about 20 keV, a photon index of approximately 1.6–1.7 keV and seed photon temperature of 0.44 keV, suggest that the pulsar was observed in the so-called “hard” state. This state is characterized by the combination of a thermal soft component (temperatures below 2 keV), a dominating Comptonizating component with electrons in an optically thin hot plasma with temperatures between 20 and 50 keV, and in some cases of a third thermal continuum component likely produced by the surface of a neutron star. More information: A faint outburst of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar SAX J1748.9-2021 in NGC 6440, arXiv:1806.10944 [astro-ph.HE] arxiv.org/abs/1806.10944AbstractSAX J1748.9-2021 is an accreting X-ray millisecond pulsar observed in outburst five times since its discovery in 1998. In early October 2017, the source started its sixth outburst, which lasted only ~13 days, significantly shorter than the typical 30 days duration of the previous outbursts. It reached a 0.3-70 keV unabsorbed peak luminosity of ∼3×1036 erg/s. This is the weakest outburst ever reported for this source to date. We analyzed almost simultaneous XMM-Newton, NuSTAR and INTEGRAL observations taken during the decaying phase of its 2017 outburst. We found that the spectral properties of SAX J1748.9-2021 are consistent with an absorbed Comptonization plus a blackbody component. The former, characterized by an electron temperature of ~20 keV, a photon index of ~1.6-1.7 keV and seed photon temperature of 0.44 keV, can be associated to a hot corona or the accretion column, while the latter is more likely originating from the neutron star surface (kTbb∼0.6 keV, Rbb∼2.5 km). These findings suggest that SAX J1748.9-2021 was observed in a hard spectral state, as it is typically the case for accreting millisecond pulsars in outburst. New accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar discovered Background subtracted 0.3–10 keV Swift-XRT lightcurve (starting from the beginning of the outburst as reported by MAXI), where red arrows are 3σ upper limits; the XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations have been taken at MJD 58035 (cyan circle) and 58037 (orange circle), respectively. INTEGRAL observations were taken in the epochs inside the grey boxes. Credit: Pintore et al., 2018. © 2018 Phys.org European astronomers have spotted a new outburst of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar designated SAX J1748.9-2021. The outburst, which started on September 29, 2017, is fainter and shorter than previous outbursts of this pulsar. The discovery is reported in a paper published June 28 on arXiv.org. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Faint outburst of an accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar observed by astronomers (2018, July 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-faint-outburst-accreting-millisecond-x-ray.html
The Crab Nebula. Credit: NASA Citation: Highest energy photons ever recorded coming from Crab Nebula (2019, June 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-highest-energy-photons-crab-nebula.html NA64 hunts the mysterious dark photon A very large team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and Japan has measured the highest energy photon ever recorded. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes their study of data from the Tibet Air Shower Gamma Collaboration and what they found. Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: M. Amenomori, et al. First detection of photons with energy beyond 100 TeV from an astrophysical source, Physical Review Letters (2019). journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/ … ysRevLett.123.051101 , ArXive: 1906.05521v1 [astro-ph.HE]: arxiv.org/abs/1906.05521 The Tibet Air Shower Gamma Collaboration is an observatory in the Tibetan Plateau and the people that run it. It consists of 600 particle detectors built on a 65,000-square-meter parcel of land. Its objective is to detect subatomic particles emanating from space. The detectors there observe the debris from photons colliding with particles in the Earth’s atmosphere and cosmic rays, which are mostly protons and atomic nuclei. The team members with this new effort were focused on photons that make their way to Earth from far-off places. To measure them, the researchers excluded muon detections, leaving only particles associated with photon collisions. The researchers were able to calculate the energy of a given photon using data from the particles that it struck.The researchers report that they found what they believe to be 24 photon-initiated showers, with photon energies above 100 trillion electron volts—one of which registered 450 TeV. These finds represent the first measurements of high energy photons over 100 TeV and the highest ever recorded.The researchers also used the data from the collaboration to track the paths of the photons, and found they originated in the Crab Nebula, the remains of a supernova that was first observed in 1054 AD. The Crab Nebula is located in the Perseus Arm of the Milky Way, approximately 6,500 light years away.The research team has been studying high-energy photons that make their way to Earth as part of an effort to understand why they have so much energy. Current theory suggests that the photons get their energy from other high-energy particles via inverse Compton scattering, in which photons absorb the energy of high-energy particles when they collide, for example, during supernovae. The photons themselves are believed to have been created by processes involved in the Big Bang. © 2019 Science X Network Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
From Enrique to Lady Gaga, everyone’s coming to India to perform these days. What’s suddenly so hot about India?India is a hot country, really hot must say, By the way, I am talking about the temperature here [laughs]. But yeah, on a serious note…India has always been welcoming. Indians have appreciated international music and surprisingly equally responded like our fans in our countries and this is what brings us here to perform. What else does an artiste crave for? Indians have a good taste for music. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’What do you plan to perform for your fans in India? Any Indian elements?When Blue Note Entertainment approached me with the concept, I was told how they want to blend my concert with the festival of lights and setting up the stage with mirrors, lights, crystals… I already get the feel of being in India. Not to forget that I’ll be getting along a fleet of exotic Jamaican women to set the stage on fire. The concert shall be full of surprises. I am here for my fans to showcase musical extravaganza, making them groove to all my favourite songs from my albums and my latest Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixTomahawk Technique. Metallica’s performance in Delhi had to be cancelled because of crowd behaviour. Are you taking any precaution?I don’t really know about the Metallica concert being cancelled in Delhi. But it is a loss of the fans who pay for the concert of their favourite rock bands. When it is Metallica, I can imagine the crowd. For my concert, I completely trust my organisers. For all that I know now, things are hunky dory. Tell us about Tomahawk Technique…. Tomahawk Technique is what I am bringing to India on this tour. I did everything I could have done in Dancehall, not to brag, but yeah I was among the best. It was time I had to expand, expanding on style and sound. I worked with new artistes and producers, got them to make Dancehall from their perspective. I called the album Tomahawk Technique because it’s cutting edge. In the studio everyone would freak out saying that I was cutting through the tracks because the lyrics were so sharp. So yeah… This is Tomahawk Technique.You have done soundtracks for movies before. Any plans to do the same in Bollywood?Bollywood hasn’t really called me yet… but would not be any longer now. This shall be my maiden trip to India. When I’ll be there; I have too many things to be done. So I exactly have no clue if am meeting any Bollywood filmmakers, but I would love to.Are you aware of Indian music scenario?Yes, Bollywood music. I am an artiste and I appreciate music and keep myself updated. I may not understand Hindi much, but I am certainly aware of Indian music. I am amazed how every different state has beautiful folk compositions and the musical instruments used. I would someday want to go on a tour and learn about the folk music. For all that I know, Bollywood music is doing pretty well globally.Any collaboration with Indian artistes?Like I said, I love the entire concept about Indian folk music. Once I hit the Indian shores, I’ll have a clearer picture in my mind of how things work in India. I do know about AR Rahman. I did make it a point to listen to his music and if there is some collaboration that could happen, you never know. I would want to meet him. How do you compose your music?Look, I am up there with the best of them. So for now all that I am doing is expanding. I’ve started to produce, voice for other Dancehall producers and producers outside of the reggae game. I get them to make dancehall from their perspective. Music is my escape you know. I have this app on my iPad that allows me to make musical notes even when I am not in a studio. It is always there at the back of my mind. I am voicing people like Bounty Killer, Beenie Man Spragga Benz. I always keep up close with the radio people and disc jocks, sound systems… so I keep myself up-to-date. I make a point to keep working with the Jamaican peers.
Kusumanjali Foundation is organising an award ceremony Kusumanjali Sahitya Samman where former Deputy Prime Minister of India, LK Advani will be awarding two winners for their unparallel work in the field of fiction, poetry, drama and short films, one written in Hindi and another in any recognised Indian language mentioned in the Schedule VIII of the Indian Constitution. Simmi Harshita for her novel Jaltarang and Ramkumar Mukhopadhyay for his novel Dhanapatir Sinhaljatra have been selected as the winners of Kusumanjali Sahitya Samman 2014. The awardees will receive a cheque for Rs 2,50,000/, a citation, a shawl and the award statuette. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’A large number of nominations were received for these two awards – one in Hindi and the other in Bengali. 191 entries in Hindi and 51 entries in Bengali, published during the last five-year period, i.e. 2009 – 2013, was received by the foundation out of which the advisory committees for Hindi and Bengali shortlisted six and five works respectively. When: 6 August Where: India International Centre (Multipurpose Hall) Timing: 6 pm
The Indian Silk Export Promotion Council, ( Set-up by Ministry of Textiles, Government of India) has conducted the “Annual Export Award Function on Silk Exports” on December 8 at the Vigyan Bhawan, in the Capitals. The Function was chaired by Atul Kumar Gupta Chairman ISEPC, while the Committee of Administration ISEPC will be the host of the function.The Awardees of the function were Indian Silk Manufacturers and Exporters from all over India, mainly from Silk Product and Silk yarns producing regions, Like, Bangalore, Varanasi, Kolkata, North-East States, Chennai, Bhagalpur, New Delhi, Noida, Srinagar (J and K), Farrukhabad, and Mumbai. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’There are various award categories, like Silk Fabrics, Silk Garments, Silk Made-ups, Silk Carpets, Silk Sarees and Silk Over-alls. The Awards were presented for the Indian Silk export for the year 2013-2014.The cultivation and promotion of Indian Silk, Silk Products and Sericulture plays a major role in uplifting the livelihood of millions of Indian population who are living in various parts of rural India, it is instrumental not only generates employments but it is also a major contributors in earning foreign exchange for the national exchequer. Organising such annual awards functions are aimed to encourage Indian manufacturers and exporters of Indian Silk to produce quality silk products , promote and provide employments to more and more peoples of this country.